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Illustrations to the portolan chart pages


Notes on the selected island and estuary features   |  Summary table of the features analysed (Microsoft Word doc.)

Colour & Shape Analysis Menu   |  Portolan Charts Main Menu

For sources of online portolan chart images see Scans

Mounted on the web 7 March 2011


 

Visual indexes to the Colour & Shape Analysis

 

Section 1: The British Isles and Surrounding Islands [1-10]
  1. I. de till (mythical)
  2. scurçe (mythical)
  3. Isle of Man
  4. Isles of Scilly
  5. Isle of Wight
  6. Ireland
  7. Scotland
  8. England & Wales
  9. montorio / brazil (mythical)
  10. man (mythical)
Extract from the 1473 Grazioso Benincasa atlas, Egerton MS.2855 - Courtesy of the British Library.
See the full scan
here

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Section 2: The Canary Islands [11-17]
  1. Hierro [ferro]
  2. [La] Palma
  3. Gomera
  4. Tenerife [inferno]
  5. [Gran] Canaria
  6. Fuerteventura
  7. Lanzarote
Extract from the 1489 Albino de Canepa chart - Courtesy of the James Ford Bell Library, University of Minnesota.
See the full scan
here

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Section 3: The Western Mediterranean [18-29]

Balearic Islands

  1. Formentera
  2. Ibiza
  3. Majorca
  4. Minorca

Rhône Delta

  1. inner 'island', shaped like an old plough
  2. 'a' or 'ay' of aiguemorte placed separately on an island
    (see enlargement)
  3. two (sometimes just one) small islands to the south

Central Mediterranean

  1. Corsica
  2. Sardinia
  3. Sicily
  4. Malta
  5. Gozo
Extract from the 1403 Francesco Beccari chart - Courtesy of the Beinecke Library, Yale University.
See the full scan
here [requires MrSID browser]

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Section 4: The Ionian Islands and Aegean [30-40]

Ionian Islands

  1. Corfu (Kerkyra)
  2. Paxos
  3. sca maura (Lefkada)
  4. Ithaki
  5. Kefallonia
  6. jacinto (Zakynthos/Zante)

Aegean

  1. stalimene (Limnos)
  2. metali (Lesbos)
  3. sio (Chios)
  4. schiro (Skyros)
  5. Rhodes
Extract from the 1489 Albino de Canepa chart - Courtesy of the James Ford Bell Library, University of Minnesota.
See the full scan
here

Top of page

Section 5: The Black Sea [41-47]

Danube Delta

  1. group of large islands
  2. group of small islands

Dnipro Estuary

  1. two thin islands (east/west): Tendrovskaya Kosa (?)
  2. small island to east of that: Os. Dzharylgach (?)
  3. large estuary island (porto bo)
  4. smaller island to the east of that

East Coast

  1. island marking the Enguri estuary, by faxio/fasso
Extract from the 1489 Albino de Canepa chart - Courtesy of the James Ford Bell Library, University of Minnesota.
See the full scan
here

Top of page

Section 6: The Nile Delta [48-51]
  1. single, large west island
  2. middle island (when, occasionally, west island split in two)
  3. east island
  4. 'd' or 'da' of damiata placed separately on the east island
Extract from the 1489 Albino de Canepa chart - Courtesy of the James Ford Bell Library, University of Minnesota.
See the full scan
here

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Chart details to illustrate the Colour & Shape Analysis

 

The protuberances on Majorca and Minorca
Extract from the 1403 Francesco Beccari chart - Courtesy of the Beinecke Library, Yale University.
See the full scan
here [requires MrSID browser]

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The detached initial 'a' of Aigues Mortes
Unusually, in this case the 'a' has been repeated. Extract from the 1403 Francesco Beccari chart - Courtesy of the Beinecke Library, Yale University.
See the full scan
here [requires MrSID browser]

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The distinctive shapes of Paxos [31] and Zakynthos [35]
Extract from the 1403 Francesco Beccari chart - Courtesy of the Beinecke Library, Yale University.
See the full scan
here [requires MrSID browser]

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Limnos [36] and Skyros [39] with their usual, distinctive outlines
Extract from the Arnoldo Domenech chart (from the 1480s) - Courtesy of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.
[Taken 2011 from an online scan; the current public image is not legible]

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The line of islands between Euboea and Rhodes formed of the Cyclades and Dodecanese,
demonstrating the use of consistent mnemonic island shapes
Extracts: left, from the 1403 Francesco Beccari chart - Courtesy of the Beinecke Library, Yale University - see the full scan here [requires MrSID browser]; right, from the 1489 Albino de Canepa chart - Courtesy of the James Ford Bell Library, University of Minnesota - see the full scan here

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The characteristic Benincasa headings for the three parts of the British Isles
Extract from the 1473 Grazioso Benincasa atlas, Egerton MS.2855 - Courtesy of the British Library.
See the full scan
here

Top of page


Since it is not possible to use the scans on the 2007 Pujades DVD, the images above are all taken from publicly accessible online sources.
I would like to thank John Woram for his expert technical help with the formatting of this page. However, I am entirely responsible for any mistakes. See also the note on the availability of scans of post-1469 charts


Notes on the selected island and estuary features   |  Summary table of the features analysed (Microsoft Word doc.)

Colour & Shape Analysis Menu   |  Portolan Charts Main Menu

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